Narcissus calcicola

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asparagales - Family: Amaryllidaceae

Narcissus calcicola


This miniature daffodil grows to a height of 20cm and has orange-yellow flowers 10 to 22mm in diameter, with a tubular corola (cup) typically 8 to 10mm in diameter. The pointed perianth segments (petals) are to a variable extent reflexed.

Narcissus calcicola, closeup of flowers


Narcissus calcicola is a rare and endangered member of the Daffodil family. It is on the Red Data List of plants and is an endemic of the Iberian Peninsula, now confined to a few locations in the Badajoz, Almeria and Granada regions in Spain, and in the Algarve in southern Portugal.

Narcissus calcicola, Rocha de Pena,. Algarve, Portugal

Blooming times

This striking daffodil can be seen in flower in late January and February.


Narcissus calcicola grows in inhospitable areas of limestone rock where its inaccessibility provides it with protection from both grazing animals and Mankind.


The specific epithet calcicola referes to the carcareous substrates on which this plant is found.


For those who want to grow this plant in their gardens, it is possible to buy the bulbs through properly regulated suppliers, many of whom can be found through their websites. Once established it spreads and increases its numbers with relative ease. Despite growing in limestone in the wild, it will also tolerate slightly more acid conditions in cultivation.

The specimens shown here were growing on a steep, rocky hillside in the Algarve region of Portugal during February.

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