Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae
It would be possible to write an entire web page on the various names under which this orchid appears! Apart from those in the heading above, it is also known as Ophrys incubacea ssp. garganica. The only thing on which all are agreed is that it occurs in Italy in Calabria, Tuscany and, in particular, on the Gargano Peninsula, and it may also be known from Sardinia and Sicily. Future molecular studies may give a better idea of the relationship of this orchid to other species that occur in the same places.
This orchid is widespread in the Gargano Peninsula area (hence its synonymous name Ophrys garganica) but not common, and nowhere did we find large colonies. It flowers from the end of March and well into April, growing in sunny positions in meadows, garrigue and open woodland.
The specimen shown above was photographed on the Gargano Peninsula in April.
The genus name Ophrys comes from Greek and means 'eyebrow' - a reference to the hairy fringe of the lip of the flower of many orchids in this genus. The specific epithet sphegodes comes from ancient Greek seems to suggest a wasp-like appearance of the flowers of this orchid., while the subspecies name passionis is a reference to the flowering time (around Easter - the passion).
If you found this information helpful, we are sure you would also like books on the Wild Orchids of Wales, of The Burren, and of the Algarve. Author-signed copies are available here...