Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae
Orchis pauciflora is short, robust species that appears to be weighed down by the disproportionate size of its flowers.
The plant grows to between 10-30cm tall and has 4-9 erect basal leaves which are unmarked and pointed. There are smaller bracts clasping the upper stem. Each stem bears 2-8 large flowers with pale sepals and petals, and lips which are deep yellow in the centre and marked with dark red dots. There is a large cylindrical spur to the rear of the flower which is often curved upwards.
This orchid is similar in appearance to Orchis provincialis with which it is frequently confused. They both occur in the same habitats which adds to the problems of accurate identification, but Orchis pauciflora is a rarer find. The leaves of Orchis pauciflora are unmarked and the lip of the flower has a distinctly ragged-looking edge and is flatter than that of Orchis provincialis.
The reported range of this orchid is questionable due to confusion with Orchis provincialis but it is recorded from eastern Mediterranean countries including Greece, Crete, Italy and Algeria.
Orchis pauciflora tolerates dry, stony habitats that are calcareous, and it grows in light, open woodland and grassy places.
This orchid flowers in March and April
The specimens shown on this page were photographed in the Gargano Peninsula in Italy.
The genus name Orchis means 'testacles', a reference to the twin tubers of orchids in this genus. The specific epithet pauciflora means 'sparse flowered'.
The Plant List
Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black
Fielding, Turland and Mathew (2005) Flowers of Crete; Kew
If you found this information helpful, we are sure you would also like books on the Wild Orchids of Wales, of The Burren, and of the Algarve. Author-signed copies are available here...