logo

Mycena abramsii (Murrill) Murrill

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Mycenaceae

Mycena abramsii, Orange Bonnet, southern England

These rather drab bonnet mushrooms are not easy to identify from field characters alone, because there are so many nondescript lookalikes. MIcroscopy of cheilocystidia in particular helps to separate the various small, greyish-brown species in this confusing genus.

Distribution

In Britain and Ireland Mycena abramsii is widespread and fairly common. This nondescript little bonnet mushroom occurs throughout mainland Europe and many other parts of the world including North America, where they are sometimes referred to as Summer Bonnets.

Taxonomic history

American mycologist William Alphonso Murrill (1869 - 1957) described this bonnet mushroom in 1916, giving it the binomial scientific name Prunulus abramsii; however, in the same year he revised its designation to Mycena abramsii, by which name it is still generally known today.

Synonyms of Mycena abramsii include Prunulus abramsii Murrill, Mycena praecox Velen., and Mycena alnetorum J. Favre.

Etymology

The specific epithet abramsii honours the American botanist LeRoy Abrams (1874 - 1956).

Identification guide

Cap of Mycena abramsii

Cap

1 to 3cm across; smooth, conical, becoming bell shaped; smooth with margin translucently striate; sepia brown to greyish brown at the centre, becoming a lighter shade of brown towards the rim.

Gills of Mycena abramsii

Gills

Adnexed to almost free; sinuose or slightly ventricose; white, buffish or pale grey, palest at the gill edge.

Cheilocystidia of Mycena abramsii

Cheilocystidia

Cheilocystidia (cystidia on the gill edges) 25-55 x 10-14μm, variably lageniform with slender necks (occasionally two or more such necks). Pleurocystidia (cystidia on the gill faces) are scarce but similar to the cheilocystodia.

Show larger image

stem of Mycena abramsii

Stem

3 to 10cm long and 1 to 3mm in diameter; smooth, hollow and fragile; colour as cap but often paler towards apex; densely hairy at the base; no stem ring. Releases an unchanging colourless liquid from the cut or broken stem base.

 

Spores

Ellipsoidal to sub-cylindrical, smooth, 7.5-13 x 4-6µm; inamyloid.

Spore print

White.

Odour/taste

Odour absent or slightly nitrous; taste not distinctive.

Habitat & Ecological role

Solitary or in small groups, usually attached to dead hardwood on the forest floor.

Season

June to October in Britain and Ireland.

Similar species

A similar woodland mushroom Mycena adonis, known as the Scarlet Bonnet, is also very small. An occasional find in both deciduous hardwood forests and in conifer plantations, the Scarlet Bonnet differs in having a reddish-orange or bright pink cap, and its stem is usually white (but red in var. adonis). Both species tend to occur as singletons or in small scattered groups.

Culinary notes

These little fungi are far too small and insubstantial to be of culinary interest. It is unclear whether they are toxic or not.

Reference Sources

Fascinated by Fungi, Pat O'Reilly 2016.

Murrill, W.A. (1916). North American Flora. 9(5): 297-374.

Giovanni Robich, (2003). Mycena d'Europa; Associazione Micologica Bresadola ; Vicenza : Fondazione Centro Studi Micologici.

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

Acknowledgements

This page includes pictures kindly contributed by David Kelly.

Top of page...


Fascinated by Fungi, 2nd edn, hardback

If you have found this information helpful, we are sure you would also find our book Fascinated by Fungi by Pat O'Reilly very useful. Author-signed hardback copies at a special discount price are available here...

Other nature books from First Nature...

© 1995 - 2020 First Nature

Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy