Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae) - wildflowers of the Carrot family

This is a large family containing some 3700 species; it includes several economically-important crop vegetables including Cellery, Carrots and Parsnips as well as many popular aromatic herbs such as Coriander, Cumin, Dill and Fennel. Some members of this family, such as Hemlock, are poisonous.

These thumbnail pictures have links to larger photographs and information about each of the species, their habitat needs and an identification guide.

We have used the scientific names to identify species in this table, but if you prefer to use common names we have also listed all species covered on the First Nature website in alphabetical order of Common Names...

There is also the option to see all species listed in order of Scientific Names or Botanical Families or Dominant Colour.

The carrot family includes many flowers of similar appearance - most have complex flower heads that look rather like flat-topped umbrellas. The flowers are small, with five petals, and arranged in primary 'umbels' with in many cases groups of umbels making up a secondary umbel (a compound umbellifer).

The leaves are alternate and usually divided several times, while at the base of the primary and secondary umbels there are strap-like bracts whose features aid identification.

Members of the Apiaceae (Carrot) family on this website

Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow Parsley
Astrantia major Great Masterwort
Conium maculatum Hemlock
Conopodium majus Pignut
Daucus carota Wild Carrot
Eryngium maritimum Sea Holly
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel
Haquetia epipactis Haquetia
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant Hogweed
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
Oenanthe crocata Hemlock Water Dropwort
Oenanthe fistulosa Tubular Water Dropwort
Oenanthe lachenalii Parsley Water-dropwort
Scandix pecten-veneris Shepherd's Needles
Smyrnium olusatrum Alexanders

Introduction to wild flower families...

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