Formerly known by the scientific name Mellicta aurelia, Nickerl's Fritillary is very similar to other members of the genus Melitaea, but is is characterised by the continuous and regular black markings on the upperwings, particulary the hindwings. Seen from beneath, there is another distinguishing feature: the narrow marginal band on the underside of the hindwing is filled in with yellow.
Not found in Britain and Ireland, Nickerl's Fritillary occurs in central Europe including parts of France, Germany, Austria, northern Italy but it is most common in the countries of eastern Europe, including Bulgaria.
This species is usually found in wildflower meadows, heaths, herb-rich scrubland, moorland and peat bogs.
The primary larval foodplant of Nickerl's Fritillary is Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata. The single brood of adults can be seen in flight from early June through to late July. These butterflies take nectar from various members of the daisy family Asteraceae (Compositae) as well as some other wildflowers.
The specimens shown on this page were photographed in Bulgaria.